1985 - The first palliative care initiatives arise in Belgium.
1989 - Experts in palliative care unite in the Belgian Palliative Care Federation and develop a fruitful dialogue with the Authorities.
1992-1997 - The National Federation splits into three Federations: Federatie Palliatieve Zorg Vlaanderen [Federation of Palliative Care Flanders], Fédération Wallonne de Soins Palliatifs [Walloon Federation of Palliative Care] and the Brussels Pluralist Federation for Palliative and Continuing Care. For federal matters, they confer with one another in an “Inter-Federation”.
1997 - The collaboration and combined efforts of the experts in palliative care assembled in the federations and the Authorities allow a consistent and comprehensive plan for palliative care to be developed, equipped with a comprehensive legislative framework.
This plan includes allocation by groups of approximately 300,000 inhabitants. Its implementation allows a balanced care offer to be established in Belgium, regardless of the location in which the patient is being treated.
It must be stressed that this constitutes a genuine model at the European level.
2002 - Enactment of the law decriminalising euthanasia, the law on palliative care and the law on the rights of the patient. Palliative care is recognised as a right, accessible to everyone.
Measures are put in place to improve the palliative care offer, in particular the creation of the Federal Palliative Care Evaluation Cell, charged with evaluating needs with regard to palliative care and the quality of the responses provided.
2009 - A study by the Healthcare Knowledge Centre (KCE) stresses the importance of extending palliative care to pathologies other than cancer, independently of the life expectancy of the patient.
At the request of the Authorities, an extensive study on the definition of the palliative patient is conducted by Dr Marianne Desmedt and a research team with the support of Federatie Palliatieve Zorg Vlaanderen, in consultation with the three federations.
2014 - The resolution of the World Health Organisation advocating integration of palliative care into healthcare is adopted at the World Health Assembly in May 2014.
At the European level, the European Declaration on Palliative Care, signed by numerous specialists and stakeholders, makes palliative care a public health priority and formulates recommendations for integrating it into healthcare.
In Belgium, the law decriminalising euthanasia is extended to minors.
2015 - WHO issued fact sheet n° 402 regarding the palliative care.
2016 - Publication of the study by Dr. Marianne Desmedt initiated and funded by the Federal Public Service Health " Patient identification & palliative assigning status related to the severity of needs : the use of a new tool, the PICT [Palliative Care Indicators Tool] ".